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What is flocking? Flocking is a method of applying very short (2-6 mm) fibers, called flocks, onto a substrate such as cloth, foam or film coated with adhesive. Millions of these fibers are loaded into an electric field that ensures that all the fibers align vertically, creating a smooth textile surface.
The flocking process itself is the application on almost any surface of small, fleecy fibers of cotton, wool, flock, velvet, etc., using an electrostatic field. This is done using a specialized device – a flocator. The principle of operation is quite simple – the generator generates a small voltage, which in turn is applied to the electrode.
As a result, the charged flock flies out with a given force and is evenly distributed over the surface. In order for the pile to firmly adhere to the material and to form the necessary patterns, the surface is covered with glue. The most suitable in terms of price, quality, and ease of use are Russian-made manual flokators. The choice must be made based on the power of the device. Another important point is that the power must be adjustable, then the flokator is suitable for processing small parts and for large flat surfaces.
The second most important component for flocking technology is glue. It must be purchased depending on which surface you plan to use: plastic, glass, metal, as well as soft items, such as upholstery for furniture, etc. Get the best assistance from the professionals at Spectro flock coating.
And finally, the flock itself, and here just the Russian one will not work. It can be different:
- simple, different colors;
- glowing in ultraviolet light;
- for nail design;
- polyester, water-repellent.
All adhesives used for flocking are of high quality, so the resulting surfaces are very durable and resistant to abrasion. Changes in fiber thickness and length result in different surface structures, from velvety smooth to abrasively hard.
Most types of flocking made around the world use finely chopped natural or synthetic fibers. Flocking is an inexpensive method of making imitation extra yarns.
Natural or synthetic fibers such as cotton, rayon, nylon and polyester can be used depending on the specific end use.
In principle, any textile fiber can be used for flocking. However, depending on the area of \u200b\u200bapplication, certain materials have been established as the standard.
wallpaper with flock
Flocked products can be washable, dry cleanable, fire retardant, water repellent, stain resistant or light resistant, depending on the specific requirements of each.
The characteristic is often related to the capabilities of the products. These include:
- Decorative and visual applications (walls, coverings, jewelry, clothing).
- Friction modification.
- Soundproofing and isolation (music studios, vacuum cleaner body).
- Thermal insulation and thermal stability (blankets, upholstery, curlers).
- Increased surface area for evaporation and filtration (building panels, humidifiers).
- Liquid retention or splashing (paint varnishes, makeup applicators).
- Buffering and polishing (jewelry packaging, lamps and ornaments).
- Gasket and protection.
Like any technology, flocking also has several limitations. Very fine lines and contours are difficult to achieve with this technology. Especially long fibers tend to swell and make it difficult to produce sharp edges. Therefore, small letters and very delicate motifs should be avoided. If they are required due to design features, the motif should be flocked using short fibers.
Typically, fibers are available in a variety of colors, but during electrostatic flocking, only one color can be processed at a time. Therefore, multi-colored motifs are possible, but due to the high workload and associated costs, they are rarely used. In contrast, color gradients are unlikely to be achieved.
Flocking as a business
Still a rare, but very promising business idea, this is flocking – turning any surfaces into velvet / plush ones. Moreover, this business will require a minimum of investment and will recoup the initial costs in a short time.
The main criteria for a home business are minimum financial investments, full payback in a short period of time and the possibility of arranging a workplace right at home (in the garage, in the country). At the same time, in the future, if such a desire arises, there should be an opportunity to expand your business (almost indefinitely). Flocking is a business that meets all these criteria.